Pubs, restaurants and other non-essential businesses will be forced to close from Thursday 5 November for a month after Prime Minister Boris Johnson ordered a second national lockdown.

In a chaotic presentation marred by repeated delays and technical blunders, Johnson confirmed England would go into a second lockdown, in a bid to curb coronavirus transmission rates and relieve pressure on health services.

The measures outlined will be put to a vote in Parliament on Wednesday, he said.

Details of the lockdown were widely reported on Friday night and Saturday, with the government forced to arrange a press conference to clarify speculation, first scheduled at 4pm, then 5pm, and eventually taking pace at 6.30pm.

The first part of the PowerPoint presentation, led by scientific advisors Prof Chris Whitty and Sir Patrick Vallance, was characterised by confusing and largely illegible graphics, with the slides apparently not correctly optimised for television screens.

It was not until some 25 minutes into the presentation that the PM eventually confirmed what most viewers already knew, that the country would go into national lockdown on Thursday.

The lockdown is due to be lifted on 2 December, although yesterday Michael Gove admitted it could go on for longer if transmission was not significantly reduced.

Some ministers told The Times the restrictions may not be relieved until 2021, with a temporary reprieve over Christmas.

Restaurants and pubs will be open to offer takeaway and delivery services.

The country will revert back into a tiered system once the national lockdown has ended, the Prime Minister said, with the hopes there would be some normality towards Christmas.

As per the current guidance, people will be encouraged to work from home unless they cannot, with key workers allowed to go to their places of work.

Supermarkets will also remain open.

People will be allowed to meet one other person from outside their household, but only in an outdoor setting.