Consumer appetites for healthy and on-demand food is fuelling a boom in delivery spending, new research has found.

Figures from Cardlytics show the rise of meal kit providers has begun to nibble away at supermarkets and restaurants across the UK.

Based on the spending behaviour of more than 5.8 million bank customers, the data reveals an explosion in appetite for on-demand food as the popularity of recipe kit and takeaway delivery services continues to surge.

Spending on meal kit services, such as HelloFresh and Gousto, leapt by 64.6% in the first half of 2016 compared to the same period last year, while the volume of orders increased by 47.6%.

This comes as providers rapidly expand across the country, leading to a significant spike in spending outside of London, as consumers find new ways to cook from scratch.

Meanwhile, spending on takeaway delivery services, such as Deliveroo and Just Eat, followed a similar pattern, with an increase of 46% over the same time period.

The rise of these two emerging categories is having an impact on the rest of the food industry.

The findings suggest that demand for healthy meal kit deliveries has taken a small, yet notable bite out of supermarket sales. While overall spending on groceries continues to rise, albeit at a considerably slower pace since 2014, grocery spending among meal kit users actually fell by 2.8% in the first six months of 2016, compared to the same time period last year.

The on-demand phenomenon in fresh ingredients is also affecting casual dining. The data shows that customers using meal kit delivery services spent 2.2% less on eating out in the first six months of 2016, compared to the same period in 2015.

In contrast, the Cardlytics analysis shows that takeaway delivery users increased their spending in supermarkets and casual dining establishments. Among this group, there was an increase of 9.2% in grocery spend and a boost of 12.3% in casual dining spend in the first half of 2016, compared to the first half of 2015.

Peter Gleason, President of International Operations at Cardlytics, said: “It’s clear that today’s consumers are increasingly concerned about the freshness of food, ingredients and labels. But, above all, people are craving convenience.

“As new entrants invest heavily in strengthening on-demand propositions, it’s evident they are beginning to establish themselves as serious contenders to supermarkets and restaurants across the country. This presents a huge opportunity, both for established food retailers and new entrants that recognise the importance of adapting to their customers’ habits to build loyalty.”