Wagamama and TGI Fridays are among the latest companies named and shamed by the Government for failing to pay the legal minimum wage.

The latest list, published by the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, names 179 employers for failing to pay a record 9,200 workers £1.1m collectively.

The employers had to compensate workers and pay a further £1.3m in fines to the government.

Wagamama and TGI Fridays said the underpayments related to uniform costs.

Wagamama, which had to repay £133,212 to 2,630 workers, making it the worst offender in the latest naming and shaming list, said there had been an “inadvertent misunderstanding” of how minimum wage regulations applied to uniforms.

A spokesperson said: “In the past we didn’t realise that asking our front-of-house staff to wear casual black jeans or a skirt, with their Wagamama branded top, was considered as asking them to buy a form of uniform and so we should have paid them for it. Lots of other businesses were also unaware of this regulation around casual wear. We have gladly made payments to current and previous employees who missed out, dating back from 2016 to 2013. We have also updated our uniform policy and we now pay a uniform supplement to cover the black jeans.”

TGI Fridays, which recently faced criticism over a proposal to redistribute card tips from waiters to kitchen staff in lieu of a wage increase, repaid £59,348 to 2,302 workers in relation to asking them to purchase black shoes as part of a uniform.

A TGI Fridays spokesperson said that the company “does pay” the national minimum wage hourly rate and that the total figure quoted the list “relates to reimbursing team members a shoe allowance”.

The spokesperson said: “This is a historic payment which was paid last year, and we have since reimbursed team members for the purchase of their black uniform shoes.”

The legal minimum wage for over-25s will rise from £7.50 to £7.83 an hour next month

Business minister Andrew Griffiths, said: “There are no excuses for short-changing workers. This is an absolute red line for this government, and employers who cross it will get caught – not only are they forced to pay back every penny but they are also fined up to 200% of wages owed. Today’s naming round serves as a sharp reminder to employers to get their house in order ahead of minimum wage rate rises on 1 April.”