Workers who are paid below the legal minimum wage are producing “ethical” coffee in Peru, the world's leading exporter of the Fairtrade brand. The Financial Times has also learned of non-certified coffee marked and exported as Fairtrade and of certified coffee illegally planted in protected rainforest. Certified coffee has become increasingly mainstream as big names such as McDonald's and Starbucks adopt it. The newspaper says the discovery casts doubt on the certification process Fairtrade uses. Financial Times 09/09/06 page 1, page 6