Growing competition is forcing smaller independent operators out of business, with the number of pubs in the UK having decreased by 2% in 2005, a new report suggests. Although this year has seen a marginal increase in pubs, with a current estimate of 58,250 outlets in the UK, pub numbers have still dropped from 2004, when the number of venues reached a high of 59,673. Research by Market & Business Development (MBD) found that the decrease in pubs is due to increasing levels of competition in town centres where larger, more dominant pubs are leading to the closure of smaller competing venues. The report suggested that the trend towards home drinking had also been a contributing factor. Pub numbers are forecast to fall by 3% to 56,230 by 2011, with smaller wet-led pubs struggling to survive once the smoking ban comes into force in July 2007. The trend for tenanted pubs is set to continue, with company owned pubs estimated to make up 56% of total pubs in the UK in the next five years, while independently owned pubs are due to drop from 30% in 2006 to 29% by 2011. Despite this, MBD estimates that average turnover per pub will grow by 9% to £304,863 in 2011, as a result of increased revenue from catering and accommodation, as well as family facilities. Turnover from food is expected to make up 23% of sales in 2011, while beer sales will account for 42%.